Volume 1, Issue 3 (December 2016)

Original research papers



Branislava Mitrović, Svetlana Grdović, Borjana Vranješ, Mihajlo Vićentijević, Jelena Ajtić, Darko Sarvan

Pages: 199-203

DOI: 10.21175/RadJ.2016.03.037

Received: 23 FEB 2016, Received revised: 4 APR 2016, Accepted: 10 APR 2016, Published online: 26 DEC 2016

Activity concentrations of 40K, 238U, 232Th and 137Cs in the samples of cultivated and uncultivated soil, mosses, mushrooms and game meat (wild rabbit, pheasant and wild boar) are measured by the gamma spectrometry technique. The samples were collected in suburban areas of Belgrade, Serbia, in the period from 2008–2014. The mean activity concentrations of 40K, 238U and 232Th in cultivated soil аre 637 Bq·kg-1, 52 Bq·kg-1 and 53 Bq·kg-1, and in uncultivated soil 608 Bq·kg-1, 58 Bq·kg-1 and 55 Bq·kg-1, respectively. An artificial radionuclide 137Cs is detected in the samples of soil, mosses and mushrooms, which indicates that almost 30 years after the nuclear accident in Chernobyl, 137Cs is still present in the environment. Since the activity concentrations of primordial radionuclides and 137Cs in game meat are below detection limit, these samples can be classified as safe for consumption.
  1. A. Adel, M. Uosif and A. El-taher, "Natural radioactivity and dose assesment for phosphate rock from Wadi El-Mashash and El-Mahamid Mines, Egypt," J. Environ. Radioact., vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 65-78, 2005.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2005.04.003
  2. M. Bolca, M. Sac, B. Cokuysal, T. Karali and E. Ekdal, "Radioactivity in soils and various foodstuffs from the Gediz river basin of Turkey," Radiat. Meas., vol. 42, no.2, pp. 263-270, 2007.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2006.12.001
  3. N. Vucic and Z. Ilic, "Extraction and spectrophotometric determination of uranium in phosphate fertilizers," J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 113-120, 1989.
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02037574
  4. H. Hamamo, S. Landsberger, G. Harbotile and S. Panno, "Studies of radioactivity and heavy metals in phosphate fertlizer," J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., vol. 194, no. 2, pp. 331-336, 1995.
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02038431
  5. M. Nifontova, "Radionuclides in the moss/lichen cover of tundra communities in the Yamal Peninsula," Sci. Total Environ., vol. 160-161, pp. 749-752, 1995.
    DOI: 10.1016/0048-9697(95)04408-S
  6. R. Delfanti, C. Papucci and C. Benco, "Mosses as indicators of radioactivity deposition around a coal-fired power station," Sci. Total Environ., vol. 227, pp. 49-56, 1999.
    DOI: 10.1016/S0048-9697(98)00410-0
  7. S. Dragović, O. Nedić, S. Stanković and G. Bačić, "Radiocesium accumulation in mosses from highlands of Serbia and Montenegro: chemical and physiological aspects," J. Environ. Radioact., vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 381-388, 2004.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.04.007
  8. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effect of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) 2008 Report to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes, Sources and effects of ionizing radiation, vol. II, United Nations, New York, US, 2011.
  9. B. Mitrović, G. Vitorović, D. Vitorović, G. Pantelić and I. Adamović, "Natural and athropogenic radioactivity in the environment of mountain region of Serbia," J. Environ. Monitor., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 383-388, 2009.
    DOI: 10.1039/B813102C
  10. S. Grdović et al., "Natural and anthropogenic radioactivity of feedstuffs, mosses and soil in the Belgrade environment, Serbia," Arch. Biol. Sci., vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 301-307, 2010.
    DOI: 10.2298/ABS1002301G
  11. E. F. Elstner, R. Fink, W. Holl, E. Lengfelder and H. Ziegler, "Natural and Chernobyl-caused radioactivity in mushrooms, mosses and soil-samples of defined biotops in SW Bavaria," Oecologia, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 553-558, 1987.
    DOI: 10.1007/BF00379415
  12. P. Mishev, A. Damyanova and L. Yurukova, "Mosses as biomonitors of airborne pollution in the northern part of Rila Mountain," in Observatoire de montagne de Moussala OM2, Institut de recherche nucléaire et d énergie nucléaire, 1997, pp. 137-141.
  13. A. H. Knight, W. M. Crooke and R. M. Inkson, "Cation-Exchange Capacites of Tissues of Higher and Lower Plants and their Related Uronic Acid Contents," Nature, vol. 192, pp. 142-143, 1961.
    DOI: 10.1038/192142a0
  14. H. Hecht, "Uniweltbedingte Rϋckstände in tierischen Geweben," Fleischwirtschaft, vol. 70, pp. 1016-1028, 1990.
  15. I. Bikit et al., "Radioactivity of the soil in Vojvodina (northern province of Serbia and Montenegro)," J. Environ. Radioact., vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 11-19, 2004.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.03.034
  16. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effect of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), Report to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes, Sources and effects of ionizing radiation, United Nations, New York, US, 2000.
  17. M. Papić et al., "Multi-criteria analysis of soil radioactivity in Čačak Basin, Serbia," Rom. J. Phys., vol. 59, pp. 846–861, 2014.
  18. D. Popović and V. Spasić-Jokić, "Posledice nuklearne nesreće u Černobilju, na teritoriji Republike Srbije," Vojnosanit. Pregl., vol. 63 , pp. 481-487, 2006.
  19. Commission of the European Communities Report on Radiation Protection, Radioactivity measurement in Europe after the Chernobyl accident, Part 2. Fallout and deposition, Radiation protection, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels - Luxemburg, 1991.
  20. J. B. Howard, A. N. Beresford and G. Voigt, "Countermeasures for animal products: a review of effectiveness and potential usefulness after an accident," J. Environ. Radioact., vol. 56, no. 1-2, pp. 115-137, January 2001.
    DOI: 10.1016/S0265-931X(01)00050-9
  21. S. Stanković, A. Stanković and G. Pantelić, "Prirodni i veštački radionuklidi u mahovinama sa različitih lokaliteta Srbije," Zbornik radova Naša ekološka istina V naučno stručni skup o prirodnim vrednostima i zaštiti životne sredine X stručni sastanak preventivne medicine Timočke Krajine, Donji Milanovac, pp. 190-193, June 1997.
  22. A. Čučulović, D. Popović, R. Čučulović and J. Ajtić, "Natural radionuclides and 137Cs in moss and lichen in Eastern Serbia," Nucl. Technol. Radiat., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 44-51, 2012.
    DOI: 10.2298/NTRP1201044C
  23. A. Čučulović, M. Sabovljević, and D. Veselinović, "The activity concentrations of 40K, 226Ra, 232Th, 238U and 7Be in Eastern Serbia in the period 2000-2012," Arch. Biol. Sci., vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 691-700, 2014.
    DOI: 10.2298/ABS1402691C
  24. P.G. Facelli, G. Ferri and G. Di Gurado, "Italy," Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz., vol.7, pp. 101-104, 1988.
    DOI: 10.20506/rst.7.1.336